Category Archives: Reading Summaries

Lantis 5.1: Bureaucracies and Foreign Policy

      Comments Off on Lantis 5.1: Bureaucracies and Foreign Policy

Introduction FP bureaucracies are defined as exclusive branch organizations or agencies with a profound influence on US relations with the world Federal govt is a large and complicated network of bureaucracies that damages domestic and foreign policy Bureaucracies are key to effective functioning of any organization Key Characteristics of bureaucracies Executive brand govt agencies that … Continue reading Lantis 5.1: Bureaucracies and Foreign Policy

Lantis: Chapter 4, Section 1

      Comments Off on Lantis: Chapter 4, Section 1

Section 1: Constitutional Authority and the “Invitation to Struggle” US foreign policy is the product of interactions among individuals and institutions in the federal government over ideas and resources Constitution outlines key principles relates to foreign policy First, the federal government has the authority to determine foreign policy Second, it calls for a separation of … Continue reading Lantis: Chapter 4, Section 1

Trubowitz, Chapter 6: Conclusion

      Comments Off on Trubowitz, Chapter 6: Conclusion

American Balancing in Historical Perspective Little occasion for US to use balancing before WWII Classical era of balancing was Cold War GS of containment towards Soviet Union was America’s internal balancing Internal balancing used by US to defend status quo after WWII Some presidents invested more in military while others, also internal balancers, looked to … Continue reading Trubowitz, Chapter 6: Conclusion

Trubowitz, Chapter 5: Underachievers

      Comments Off on Trubowitz, Chapter 5: Underachievers

Introduction Realists argue that as a state’s power increases, so will its international ambitions However, some use retrenchment and focus only domestically and put foreign policy on back burner (this weakens Realist and Innenpolitik theory) Strategies of Restraint More likely to pursue underreaching when they have slack, but see little partisan advantage in expansionism Little … Continue reading Trubowitz, Chapter 5: Underachievers

Trubowitz, Chapter 4: Expansionism

      Comments Off on Trubowitz, Chapter 4: Expansionism

Trubowitz explains that states expand when their power increases relative to other states. They have a desire to extend their political influence and control internationally. States also expand because they see the world has having an anarchical structure, where the more security they have, the better it is. Expansionism generally has little to  do with … Continue reading Trubowitz, Chapter 4: Expansionism

Trubowitz, Chapter 3: Appeasement

      Comments Off on Trubowitz, Chapter 3: Appeasement

Appeasement refers to efforts by leaders to reconcile or “buy” off a potential aggressor by making unilateral diplomatic or economic concession. Leaders turn to appeasement when there is little slack and they need cheap security. This falls in the satisficing category in Trubowitz’s Grand Strategy explanation. George Washington was facing a conflict when Revolutionary France … Continue reading Trubowitz, Chapter 3: Appeasement

Grand Strategy’s Microfoundations: Trubowitz, Chapter 2

      Comments Off on Grand Strategy’s Microfoundations: Trubowitz, Chapter 2

Trubowitz describes grand strategy as “the purposeful use of military, diplomatic, and economic tools of statecraft to achieve desired ends.” He argues that grand strategy is a way for leaders to maintain or strengthen their hold on executive power. Grand strategy can be defined in terms of ambition and cost or revisionist of status quo.  … Continue reading Grand Strategy’s Microfoundations: Trubowitz, Chapter 2

The Pre-Cold War History

      No Comments on The Pre-Cold War History

  Lantis, Chapter 2 The United States of America was a brand new country and many saw it as the prototype of democracy.  In order to keep this democracy and freedom, the US fought the Revolutionary War against the British. This War become the first foreign policy action by the US. Some of the principles the US was fighting for… Read more »

The Tools of Political Science and Foreign Policy

      Comments Off on The Tools of Political Science and Foreign Policy

Trubowitz ( Introduction pp. 1-8) “This has to be understood: that a prince, and especially a new prince, cannot observe all those things for which men are held good, since he is often under a necessity to maintain his state, of acting against faith, against charity, against humanity, against religion…”. This quote from Machiavelli’s The … Continue reading The Tools of Political Science and Foreign Policy